Tuesday, October 17, 2017
 
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What is Lyme Disease? Minimize
 

Lyme disease:

LLyme disease, Lyme borreliosis is an infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.[1][2] Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto[3] is the main cause of Lyme disease in North America, whereas Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii cause most European cases. The disease is named after the towns of Lyme and Old Lyme, Connecticut, USA, where a number of cases were identified in 1975. Although Allen Steere realized that Lyme disease was a tick-borne disease in 1978, the cause of the disease remained a mystery until 1981, when B. burgdorferi was identified by Willy Burgdorfer.yme disease, Lyme borreliosis is an infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.[1][2] Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto[3] is the main cause of Lyme disease in North America, whereas Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii cause most European cases. The disease is named after the towns of Lyme and Old Lyme, Connecticut, USA, where a number of cases were identified in 1975. Although Allen Steere realized that Lyme disease was a tick-borne disease in 1978, the cause of the disease
 remained a mystery until 1981, when B. burgdorferi was identified by Willy Burgdorfer.
 

Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease in the Northern Hemisphere.[4] Borrelia is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected ticks belonging to a few species of the genus Ixodes ("hard ticks").[5] Early symptoms may include fever, headache, fatigue, depression, and a characteristic circular skin rash called erythema migrans (EM). Left untreated, later symptoms may involve the joints, heart, and central nervous system. In most cases, the infection and its symptoms are eliminated by antibiotics, especially if the illness is treated early.[6] Delayed or inadequate treatment can lead to the more serious symptoms, which can be disabling and difficult to treat.[7]

Lyme Disease is an infection caused by the spirchete bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb), which can cause a constellation of symptoms ranging from fatigue and joint pain to serious neurological problems.
Lyme Disease can range from a sudden acute Lyme infection to a slow erosion of health from persistent Lyme Disease. An acute infection comes on suddenly , similar to flu symptoms and a tick bite or bulls eye rash may or may not be seen. A persistent Lyme infection or “Lyme presence” may result from prior exposure and may present as a general decline in health or persistent health problems of unknown cause, or may exhibit as a set of brand new symptoms, which can be mild or severe.
There are at least 5 subspecies of Borrelia burgdorferi, over 100 strains in the US, and 300 strains worldwide. This diversity is thought to contribute to the antigenic variability of the spirochete to evade being picked up on Lyme testing, evade the immune system and antibiotic therapy, leading to chronic infection.
Furthermore, a person with Lyme disease may be co-infected with other organisms and “co-infections” often require different antibiotic therapy compared to Lyme Disease.

    
 
 
 


 

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